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Graze longer. Make more hay.

With this vigorous, mega-yielding, early-maturing timothy you can make mounds of high quality hay, graze more pounds per acre, and plant less often.

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Big Yields

KY-Early Timothy produces abundant quantities of forage. Trial results indicate 20-30% yield increases over Clair, Climax and many other timothy varieties. KY-Early provide more timothy per acre than the competition.

Alfalfa Compatible Harvest

KY-Early was specifically bred for earlier maturity to better coincide with alfalfa harvest, meaning both the alfalfa and the timothy are at their optimal forage quality at first cutting.

Multi-Year Performance

KY-Early is hardy. It has shown an ability to survive wet years as well as dry/hot years, assuring farmers of longer-lasting stands and fewer replants.


KY-Early for Horses

KY-Early gives you more horse-happiness per acre. For many horse owners, timothy is the grass of choice and is oftentimes recommended by trainers and veterinarians. It has been known to bring a shine to their coats, help mares foal easier, expedite recovery of colic surgery, and even help reduce boredom in horses confined to stables. These are just a few of the many benefits of KY-Early you can expect for horses.

KY-Early for Hay

Why is KY-Early the timothy of choice for hay? Four reasons.

  1. 1 Maturity matches up with alfalfa
  2. 2 Outyields numerous other varieties of timothy, meaning more bales of hay.
  3. 3 Excellent regrowth, meaning a greater chance of a high-yielding second cutting.
  4. 4 Good longevity, meaning less replanting.

All this adds up to more profit per acre.

KY-Early for Grazing

KY-Early is ideal forage for grazing all types of livestock including horses, cattle, sheep and goats. Grazers will appreciate the increased leafiness and darker green color. Note, all timothy varieties can be damaged by over grazing. Use in continuous grazing situations will drastically reduce plant longevity.

KY-Early in Mixes

KY-Early is easy to use in mixes. It is a non-competitive bunch grass compatible with other grasses, legumes, and multi-species mixes. It will add palatability and forage tonnage, especially during early season cuts.

Yield Data

KY-Early is a high forage yielder. Growers can expect high yields with KY Early, plus excellent vigor, winter hardiness, and mid-summer growth. Independent multi-state trial data indicates a significant performance advantage over other timothy varieties.

Timothy Forage Trials

LEXINGTON, KY, 2013–2016

  Maturity May 12-13 Percent Stand Yield (tons/acre)
Variety 3-yr Ave ¹ 14-Oct-13 17-Oct-16 2014 Total 2015 Total 2016 Total 3-year Total
KY-Early 54.7 93 89 3.69 4.39 2.09 10.17*
Derby 52.8 98 89 3.95 3.34 2.21 9.50*
Zenyatta 52.0 96 90 3.66 3.31 1.78 8.74*
Clair 53.3 73 81 3.32 3.4 1.49 8.22*
Summergraze 41.8 99 80 3.22 3.02 1.93 8.18*
Comtol 40.8 98 88 3.25 2.97 1.63 7.85
Climax 41.0 96 84 3.1 2.45 1.39 6.95
LSD 14 11 0.64 0.94 0.79 2.02
Trial sown September 5, 2013.
¹Average May 12-13, 2014-16. Maturity rating scale: 37 = flag leaf emergence, 45 = boot swollen, 50 = beginning of inflorescence emergence, 58 = complete emergence of inflorescence, 62 = beginning of pollen shed.
*Not significantly different from the highest numerical value in the column, based on the 0.05 LSD.

Forage Yields (Tons DM/A)

Ithaca, NY, 2017 – 2019

Variety Heading Date ‘19 % Stand Nov 26, ‘19 2018 Yield 2019 Yield 2-Yr. Total
KY-Early May 28 73% 5.67 4.55 10.22
Carson May 31 68% 5.26 4.62 9.88
Rakel June 7 65% 4.90 3.84 8.74
Climax June 10 60% 4.76 3.85 8.61
TRYGGVE June 10 70% 4.46 3.95 8.41
Lsd     0.27 0.49 0.67
Trial sown May 18, 2017
Harvested four times in both 2018 and 2019.

Forage Yields (Tons DM/A)

East Lansing, MI, 2017 – 2018

Variety Heading Date Yield (Tons DM/A)
    May 27 July 9 Oct 23 2018 Total 2017 Total Two-Yr. Total
KY Early May 27 2.27 1.35 1.45 5.07 0.56 5.63
Climax Vegetative 1.77 0.47 0.92 3.16 0.56 3.72
LSD 0.38 0.10 0.30 0.68 0.64 0.33
Seeded May 2017.


General Adaptation and Limitations

KY-Early and other timothys are shallow-rooted bunch grasses with high growing points. It tolerates cold temperatures and is highly palatable. KY-Early performs best in well-drained and fertile soils and when used for hay or in rotationally grazed pasture situations. Timothys do not tolerate drought, poorly drained soils or intensive continuous grazing.

Seeding Rate 8–12 lbs./ac
Seeding Rate - with alfalfa or clover 2–4 lbs./ac
Planting Dates late summer/early fall and late winter/early spring
Planting Zones (map) green
Planting Depth ½–¼"
Planting zones

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